Saturday, 24 April 2021

Electric Cars in Croatia to Make Up More Than Third of Fleet by 2050

April the 24th, 2021 - Electric cars in Croatia could be set to make up more than one third of the country's vehicle fleet by the year 2050 as the national energetic transition gradually continues.

As Poslovni Dnevnik/Darko Bicak writes, between 107 and 168 billion kuna will be required for the complete technological and energy transition of the Republic of Croatia according to the proposal of the Low Carbon Development Strategy until 2030 with a view to 2050. The draft of the above was accepted by the Croatian Government yesterday.

The Croatian low-carbon strategy envisions that the existing national building stock will be renovated and the new one will be fully constructed based on the principles of near-zero energy buildings, as well as on the basis of circular management.

Energy supplies will be more secure, it will be drawn from renewable sources and with low emissions, and energy consumers will also be energy producers themselves. The combination of on-site electricity generation and supply from the public grid will no doubt provide a high level of security of electricity supply.

The Croatian transport system will be intermodal and integrated, mostly with electric vehicles and the use of low-carbon and climate-neutral fuel, and in 2050, electric cars in Croatia should make up 35 percent of the country's fleet of 762,700 e-cars. Currently there are around 1,500 electric cars in Croatia.

Industry and agriculture will be far more energy efficient and connected to all sectors of the economy, while working harder to reduce waste generation in an integrated and circular economy. According to the Croatian Government, the praiseworthy low-carbon strategy paves the way for the transition to a sustainable, competitive economy, in which economic growth is achieved with low greenhouse gas emissions.

About one hundred measures have been selected which can be applied to reduce emissions across various different sectors: electricity and heat production, fuel production and processing, transport, general consumption, industry, agriculture, land use, forestries, waste, product use and of course - emissions.

According to the national strategy, these measures are embedded in three main scenarios: the Reference Scenario (NUR), the Gradual Transition Scenario (NU1) and the Strong Transition Scenario (NU2). The NUR reference scenario is a continuation of existing practices, all of which are in line with current legislation and targets by the year 2030.

It assumes technological progress and the growth of the share of renewable energy sources (RES) and energy efficiency based on the market situation at this time and the target energy standards set today. This is a scenario with a slight increase in the share of RES and energy efficiency. Emissions in this scenario will decrease by 28.9 percent by 2030 and by 46.3 percent by 2050 compared to the level of emissions recorded back in 1990.

The share of renewables in this scenario is 35.7 percent in 2030 and 45.5 percent in 2050. NU1 is more ambitious and assumes a strong increase in unit prices, which represent the right to emit one tonne of CO2 equivalent up to 92.1 euros/t CO2 in 2050, which is a major driver of transition.

The share of renewable energy sources in 2030 under this scenario stands at 36.4 percent, and in 2050 it could be 53.2 percent. The NU1 scenario is set to lower greenhouse gas emissions by 33.5 percent in 2030 and 56.8 percent in 2050 when compared to the aforementioned 1990 reference.

The scenario of strong transition NU2 is dimensioned with the aim to achieve emission reductions by a massive 80 pecent in 2050 when compared to 1990. In this scenario as well as with NU1, a strong increase in unit prices to 92.1 euros/t CO2 in 2050 and very strong energy efficiency measures is envisioned.

The share of renewable energy sources in 2030 under this scenario is 36.4 percent, and in 2050 it could be 65.6 percent. In this scenario, in 2050, the dominant source of emissions remains traffic, followed by agriculture and industry. By applying the measures known today, including those that are socio-economically acceptable for agriculture, an emission reduction of 73.1 percent could be achieved.

The share of electricity and hydrogen is expected to increase, while the share of solid and liquid fossil fuels is decreasing. Natural gas consumption will remain roughly the same until 2030 and then it will declines by 15 percent by 2050. The total share of fossil fuels will decline to 53.2 percent in 2030 and to 41 percent in 2050.

The strategy predicts that the share of direct energy consumption in industry in Croatia will remain at around 17 percent by 2030 and then grow to 19.8 percent in 2050. In the NU1 scenario, total power plant power will grow to 6.57 gigawatts (GW) in 2030, or to 10.3 GW in 2050.

Currently, HEP has about 4 GW installed in the production of electricity and 1 GW of heat. On average, it wil be necessary to build about 260 megawatts of new power plants a year to keep up with this ambitious plan.

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Friday, 19 March 2021

1129 Brand New Traffic Cameras Coming to Croatian Motorways

March the 19th, 2021 - Over one thousand brand new traffic cameras are due to grace Croatian motorways, adding an additional deterrent to those considering speeding or reckless driving.

As Poslovni Dnevnik writes, driving in the wrong direction, pedestrians or a stopped vehicle on the road are just some of the traffic hazards about which the state-of-the-art automatic incident detection system (AID) procured by Croatian Motorways will alert HAC employees working in traffic control centres in just a few seconds, according to a report from Vecernji list.

Subsequently, additional cameras will be installed for this purpose on Croatian motorways, more specifically on the sections of the Rijeka - Zagreb and Rijeka - Rupa motorways, given that the company ARZ has been merged with HAC.

The total value of this procurement is estimated to stand at approximately 55 million kuna. The AID system detects when an incident happens and generates an alarm just a few seconds after the incident occurs, allowing the operator to do what is needed to prevent a secondary incident.

The AID triggers an audible alarm in the event, automatically displays the scene of the incident on the road to the operator and records everything happening, and the cameras also cover a minimum of three traffic lanes and one stop lane.

In addition to the incidents already mentioned, AID warns of traffic congestion, slow vehicles and any loss of normal levels of visibility. An alarm sounds in the tunnel when the loss of visibility of the cameras is detected by the appearance of smoke due to a fire having broken out somewhere nearby.

The system set to be placed along Croatian motorways can also collect data on vehicle classification, average speed, travel time, vehicle distance and more. The new traffic cameras will have a motorised varifocal lens, an IR reflector, and will have the ability to minimum 25 frames per second.

HAC has a Central Centre for the Supervision and Management of Motorway Traffic connects all regional Croatian motorway traffic control and management centres (RCNUPAC).

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Tuesday, 2 March 2021

Coral Croatia Opens First Two Shell Petrol Stations in Country

March the 2nd, 2021 - Coral Croatia has opened the very first two Shell petrol stations in Croatia, with more such fuel stations planned across the country in the future.

As Poslovni Dnevnik writes, Coral Croatia, which is majority owned by Greek company Coral S.A. and is a licensed Shell partner, has officially opened the very first two Shell petrol stations in the Republic of Croatia, located in Sesvete and Rugvica, close to central Zagreb. The new petrol stations have a wide range of Shell V-Power fuels, and additional services such as a shop, bistro, car wash and jetwash are available to customers.

To briefly recall, he Greek Coral company, which until 2010 was simply named Shell, took over the independent Croatian operator of petroleum products, APIOS, with its 26 petrol stations earlier this year.

With that acquisition, APIOS changed its name to Coral Croatia, while the APIOS brand was replaced by the Shell brand. After the rebranding, they continued to expand across Croatia through the opening of petrol stations in city centres and along main highways.

"I'm excited and proud that together with Coral we're opening Shell petrol stations here in Croatia as well. With Coral, we've achieved numerous successes in the surrounding markets, and we are pleased to continue our joint growth here in Croatia as well. This long-term agreement with Coral will bring high-quality fuels and motor oils to the Croatian market, as well as excellent services and a wide range of benefits designed to meet the modern needs of drivers and other customers,'' said Kai-Uwe Witterstein, CEO of Shell Licensed Markets.

Coral Croatia have also announced that they intend to open two more Shell petrol stations in beautiful Istria during the month of March.

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Monday, 25 January 2021

Falling Snow Causes Treacherous Conditions on Croatian Roads

January 25, 2021 – Released images show falling snow is causing extremely difficult conditions on some Croatian roads, both motorways and state roads, with the mountainous regions of Lika and Gorski Kotar most affected

Any optimists living in Zagreb could be forgiven for thinking winter was over. Over a succession of two days last week they were basking in the relatively balmy daytime temperatures of 16 degrees. The sun shone brightly, the boots stayed indoors and lighter jackets were thrown on to visit the shops. Not everyone in Zagreb is an optimist, though. And those with an experience that is greater than their hope knew the reality of the situation; Croatia's winter can turn round at any moment to bite you in the ass.

croatia-4082276_1920.jpgSnow covering the Lika region

And that's exactly what happened this weekend, when falling snow produced treacherous driving conditions across a wide area of Croatia. On some motorways, a ban on trucks with trailers and tractors with semi-trailers is in place because of the continually falling snow. Another response to the falling snow has been to make winter vehicle equipment mandatory.

HAK1.jpegA thick layer of snow covers the road near Delnice at 19.14 on Sunday 24 January 2021 © HAK

While the Croatian capital was experiencing its warm spell, falling snow continued to descend on more mountainous regions of the country, Lika and Gorski Kotar in particular. And it is those that remain most affected by the treacherous driving conditions. Hrvatske Autoceste (Croatian Motorways) are responding to the continuing weather conditions. But, they released pictures of one motorway section near Delnice which, even after plowing, was 30 minutes later again covered by the falling snow.

HAK2.jpegA snowplow arrives at 19.15 to clear the snow © HAK

Thick falling snow and ice made it difficult to drive on the A6 Zagreb - Rijeka highway. The National Association of Drivers and Vehicle Owners (HAK) issued a series of warnings for the following routes: A1 Zagreb-Split-Ploče between the junctions of Bosiljevo II and Maslenica, A6 Rijeka-Zagreb between the junctions of Bosiljevo II and Kikovica, state road DC1 between Zagorje and Gračac and state road DC3 through Gorski Kotar between Zdihovo and Kikovica.

HAK3.jpegBy 19.45 the road is in the same state as before the snowplow arrived, because of continually falling snow © HAK

HAK also reported that there is currently no passable road for trucks with trailers and tractors with semi-trailers from the direction of the continental interior towards Rijeka and Istria and Dalmatia and vice versa. The colder temperatures are expected to stick around for most of the early part of the week, although the skies may be clearer in some regions. Temperatures will rise again heading towards next weekend under an increasing cloud cover, but the chilly conditions might well bounce back towards the end of next weekend. Zagreb itself could even experience more snowfall at that time.

Saturday, 15 February 2020

Zagreb Bypass to Gain Third Lane in Time for 2020's Tourist Season

Croatian roads see an enormous amount of traffic during the warmer months in summer, with many tourists having driven from neighbouring and surrounding countries to spend time on the glorious Croatian coast and islands. With the capital gaining in popularity, the Zagreb bypass should receive a much needed third lane in time for 2020's summer season.

As Poslovni Dnevnik writes on the 15th of February, 2020, by this year's tourist season, the Zagreb bypass should receive a third traffic lane to ease the pressure on the road. Croatian motorways (Hrvatske ceste) have embarked on a pilot project for that road, which is known as the busiest part of the Croatian motorway network.

According to Vecernji list, HAC says that by summer, they plan to turn the stopping point into a carriageway on the section of the road from Jakuševac to Ivanja Reka in both directions, that is, in the length of eleven kilometres, while the third lane would be 13.5 kilometres long, from Jankomir to Jakuševac, and that will be introduced after the tourist season.

HAC points out that the third lane on the Zagreb bypass will be constructed at its existing width, which means that the amount of investment will increase the flow rate by up to fifty percent.

The existing stop lane will be converted into a slow lane for trucks, the middle lane will be intended for trucks, buses and cars, and the left lane of the Zagreb bypass will be intended only for cars and buses. In the slow and medium lane, the speed limit will be 80 kilometres per hour, provided that in the middle lane, vehicles must travel at a minimum speed of 70 km/h in ideal conditions.

The speed on the left lane of the Zagreb bypass will be limited to 100 km/h. HAC says that the width at the narrowest part of the bypass is 10.80 metres, which is sufficient width to accommodate three traffic lanes plus side lanes.

The existing stop lane is 2.5 metres wide and will be expanded to 3.25 metres when converted into a lane. The existing lanes, on the other hand, are 3.75 metres wide, so the middle lane will be reduced to 3.25 metres and the left lane to 3.5 metres.

HAC explained that these widths are adapted to speeds in accordance with legal requirements. Horizontal, vertical and variable signaling needs to be adjusted for the introduction of the third lane, and the estimated value of these works on the part from Jakuševac to Ivanja Reka stands at 4.5 million kuna.

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Wednesday, 5 February 2020

Zagreb Police Announce Road Safety Action: Emphasis Placed on 4 Things

As Poslovni Dnevnik writes on the 4th of February, 2020, the Zagreb Police Department has announced that with regard to two fatalities which occurred in traffic accidents this weekend in the area for which the Zagreb Police Department is responsible, enforcement will be stepped up.

In Samobor, a 20-year-old driver was tragically killed on the road, and in Zagreb, more precisely on Jadranska avenija (Adriatic avenue) a motorcyclist was killed. As such, the Zagreb Police Department have readily announced upcoming repressive measures on the roads.

Accordingly, it has been pointed out that back in 2015, and in particular in 2019, the main quantitative objective of the National Road Safety Program 2011-2020 was reached, according to which, in the period from 2011 to 2020, the number of people killed in road accidents should have been halved when compared to back in 2010.
 
In 2019, in the area over which the Zagreb Police Department is responsible, a positive trend of increasing road safety continued, which was established in 2018 when 55 people sadly died, and in 2019, 38 people were killed in traffic accidents. While still tragic, the number is much lower.
 
In almost all traffic accidents involving persons killed, the cause is either breaking the speed limit, which is often directly related to driving with a blood alcohol level which is over the limit, and also the illicit use of mobile phones and other handheld electronic devices by drivers. Not wearing a seabelt tends to exaggerate the consequences of such accidents, as it does with the loss of life incurred.
 
Furthermore, given the high proportion of pedestrians injured in road traffic accents, it's worth noting that the most common driver errors are once again speeding, while the most common pedestrian errors are the improper crossing of the road by not using the pedestrian crossing or continuing to cross when the ''little green man'' has turned red again.
 
For this reason, intensive measures will be taken by the Zagreb Police Department in the upcoming period with the aim of increasing the overall road safety situation. The measures will be aimed at reducing the number of misdemeanors that most often lead to traffic accidents with the most serious consequences, ie, to the so-called "four killers on the road'' - alcohol, speed, mobile phone usage and not wearing a seatbelt.

The Zagreb Police Department has noted that alongside the four aforementioned points, they will also be watching closely for any other traffic misdemeanors.

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Sunday, 2 February 2020

Preparations for Highway to Dubrovnik Continue, Feasibility Study Sought

As Novac/Vedran Marjanovic writes on the 1st of February, 2020, Croatian Motorways (Hrvatske ceste) has signed a contract with the Trafficon Pro urbe business association to develop a study on connecting southern Dalmatia to the motorway system, adding a highway to Dubrovnik, which actually marks the completion of the Zagreb-Dubrovnik motorway.

HAC expects the Trafficon Pro urbe association to create a study two routes within the aforementioned interconnection of southern Dalmatia into the highway system. The first direction is from the Metkovic junction on the A1 motorway to the future Peljesac bridge, and the second from the Doli junction down to the City of Dubrovnik in the very south.

With regard to the Peljesac bridge and access road profiles, one of the questions that the aforementioned traffic connection study will have to answer is the feasibility of a full highway profile with the option to begin the construction of two-lane thoroughfares.

The Croatian Government ordered HAC to commission the study at its session in Dubrovnik last February. On this occasion, Minister of Maritine Affairs, Transport and Infrastructure, Oleg Butkovic, expressed his expectations that the transport connection of southern Croatia to the A1, more specifically the highway to Dubrovnik, would receive European Union (EU) co-financing, much like Peljesac bridge did.

On the other hand, according to the provisions of the respective open call from HAC, the study is actually not linked to EU funding. HAC will allocate 2 million and 387 thousand kuna for the preparation of the study, and the successful bidder in the tender is obliged to submit the ordered document, completed by the end of this year.

At the aforementioned session in Dubrovnik, members of the government didn't mention either the amount of investment in connecting southern Dalmatia with the A1 motorway, nor did it mention the actual date of commencement of the works. The expected deadline for completion of Peljesac bridge is August the 1st, 2021, and the access roads should be completed one year later.

When it comes to the cost of completing the highway to Dubrovnik, Jutarnji list recalled the now distant 2009 calculations when the previous idea for the project to build a highway to Dubrovnik was studied, which would have come with a hefty price tag 732 million euros for 80 kilometres of highway from Ploce in the Neretva valley down to Dubrovnik. In this variant, ten viaducts and eight tunnels would need to be built on the imaginary thoroughfare.

Since a part of the highway from Ploce to Dubrovnik was indeed constructed in the meantime, and the study ordered may suggest different routes that would be used by the roads from previous solutions, the said amount of cash needed when it comes to the actual investment will certainly be changed when in comparison to 2009.

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Sunday, 26 January 2020

VIDEO: How Driving on New Zagreb Roundabout Looks as of Today

The Zagreb roundabout (Remetinec roundabout) has been a major issue in the City of Zagreb for a while now. After being closed to the public for thirteen long months, the finishing touches to the lighting and electricity are complete and the roundabout is finally now open for traffic.

As Poslovni Dnevnik writes on the 26th of January, 2020, on Sunday morning, traffic was allowed to enter and drive on the finally reconstructed Zagreb roundabout, as well as along the tunnel underpasses and along all of the access routes from Remetinec road (Remetinečka cesta), Dubrovnik Avenue (Avenija Dubrovnik) and Adriatic Avenue (Jadranska Avenija) as well as the Adriatic Bridge (Jadranski most), and by early May this year, there will be new tram lines, walking and cycling routes.

The head of Zagreb's city transport office, Dinko Bilic, stated that the implementation of the Zagreb roundabout project had to be defined through two usable units, which had to be divided into parts of the construction that required a temporary thoroughfare and works that could be performed only after the temporary thoroughfare had been removed.

"On the basis of such distribution, an amendment to the main design was made in which it was determined that approximately 95 percent of the works would be performed before the removal of the temporary thoroughfare, and that the works to be performed in the positions of the temporary thoroughfare would be performed after the commissioning of that unit and after the demolition of the temporary roads,'' explained Bilic.

Therefore, today saw the very first operational unit put into service this morning, which includes roads whicn run along the reconstructed Zagreb roundabout, the tunnel underpasses and all access road routes from the aforementioned directions.

The completion of the second unit is planned by the beginning of May this year, the city transport office announced.

Watch the video of a drive along the newly reconstructed Zagreb roundabout by Matija Habljak below:

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Saturday, 21 December 2019

Are Three of Largest Zagreb Roads Set to Get Third Lanes?

As Poslovni Dnevnik writes on the 21st of December, 2019, the divestment itself, as they have also pointed out from the City of Zagreb, would allow for a much higher acceptance of traffic on these Zagreb roads, and thus relieve the city centre of traffic, which would also help in a more accurate timetable for public transport.

A third lane and partial denivelation appear to be in the City of Zagreb's plans. The level of traffic in Zagreb these days has caused issues, so, after the City of Zagreb announced a call for proposals for the conceptual design of an extension to Kranjčevićeva, they are now looking to complete a traffic study that will solve the traffic jams on three main Zagreb roads: Slavonska, Zagrebačka and Ljubljanska avenues, Vecernji list writes.

All of this will come with a price tag of 800,000 kuna, and the new design of the Zagreb roads should demonstrate the ability to avoid the congestion that, from west to east, sees about 80,000 vehicles every day as they cross those particular avenues.

For those who want to do a traffic study for the City of Zagreb, this should be done according to a project assignment that already states clearly that the whole problem could be solved by adding a third lane to the currently predominantly two-lane Zagreb roads, and in parts, it should be levelled because these additional traffic jams, at least according to the city government, are created at intersections.

''At peak traffic intervals, saturation is present on certain sections or throughout the avenues. One of the causes of congestion is that most of the intersections on that corridor are at the same level with the roads that connect to it. Despite the fact that all intersections are equipped with state-of-the-art signalling devices and equipment that works depending on the amount of traffic, it's very demanding to try to harmonise the signalling plans, which will allow for the satisfactory flow and travel time of the cars, due to the high traffic load and the limited capacity of roads,'' they stated from the city government.

They want the traffic study they are commissioning to show whether the avenues should be widened to add another lane and whether they should level or "possibly reshape" the existing traffic lights, which are now level with other connecting roads.

The experts who will conducted the 800,000 kuna traffic study must, among other things, count the vehicles along the corridor of the three aforementioned Zagreb roads and anticipate what will happen to the volume of cars, buses and trucks by 2030 if no road interventions are made and no action is taken, at the minimum of what is now being proposed.

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Monday, 21 October 2019

Following EC Warning, Croatia Investing 2 Billion Kuna into Road Tunnels

As Poslovni Dnevnik writes on the 21st of October, 2019, Croatia has been warned by the European Commission (EC) for not complying with its tunnels with Directive 2004-54-EC on the minimum safety conditions for tunnels longer than 500 metres along the trans-European network.

For the same reason, Italy, Spain and Bulgaria and Belgium also received a warning. As far as Croatia is concerned, as the Ministry of Maritime Affairs, Transport and Infrastructure informs, the warning regards a total of 34 tunnels on motorways and expressways operated by Croatian motorways (Hrvatske autoceste), the Rijeka-Zagreb motorway, Bina Istra, the Zagreb-Macelj motorway and Croatian roads.

For all these tunnels to properly comply with the Directive, it is estimated that just over two billion kuna will need to be invested. Most of this amount is related to the Učka tunnel, accounting for about 1.48 billion kuna, and for others, about 500 million kuna needs to be allocated. For other tunnels, it is necessary to invest just over 60 million kuna and this is mostly related to minor shortcomings, according to Vecernji list.

The Ministry has already prepared an EC response detailing the situation for each tunnel and what has been done so far and what is being done to eliminate non-compliance with the Directive. Therefore, they expect that the EC will accept this statement and that it will not end up in the EU Court, meaning that hopefully penalties won't need to be paid.

The Učka tunnel, for one, does not comply with the Directive entirely. One relates to escape routes and exits in case of emergency. It is determined that emergency exits are necessary if relevant risk analysis shows that they're needed. From this point on, the EC will want to find out from Croatia about Učka's full compliance with this point of the Directive, and that it will be achieved by providing evacuation routes.

Until it is built, compensatory measures are being implemented, so that four professional firefighters are on duty 24 hours per day, seven days per week in the tunnel, and the evacuation of users is also triggered by special traffic signaling, which directs users to the three existing turns to exit the tunnel.

The EC will also be informed that the situation is being dealt with appropriately by Bina Istra, for which the location and building permits have already been issued. However, this also requires approvals from the EC, and the final decision depends on the conditions on the capital market that should be acceptable to the concessionaire to make that investment.

It is expected that this could be resolved next year. The Brezovica tunnel is also non-harmonised under this point of the directive, and compensatory measures are being implemented, meaning that the installation of alarm systems is in progress, and additional fire extinguishing water is being provided.

According to the EC letter, Croatian tunnels should be harmonised in a total of 26 points according to the Directive.

Other discrepancies include, for example, the installation of evacuation lights at a height of not more than 1.5 metres, which should be changed, for example in the Sveti Rok and Mala Kapela tunnels, where these lights are now at a height of up to 1.2 metres.

The design procurement is underway and the mismatch will be resolved by December 2020. For example, in Mala Kapela, the distance between the two emergency stations is 280 metres, and the Directive states that it should not exceed 250 metres. The design procurement process is also underway and the works should be completed by the end of 2020.

For example, a hydrant network needs to be built in the Bisko and Stražina tunnels. Other discrepancies relate, for example, to information radio station information signs available in tunnels, and to clearly visible signs.

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