26 Years Ago, Croatia Voted for Independence

By , 19 May 2017, 11:56 AM Politics
26 Years Ago, Croatia Voted for Independence Source: Wikipedia

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On 19 May 1991, the referendum on independence of Croatia was held.

On 19 May 1991, the referendum on the independence of Croatia was held. At the time, Croatia was one of six federal republics of Yugoslavia, which had already started with its disintegration.

Two questions were posed to citizens, who could choose between “for” and “against”.

The first question was “Do you believe that the Republic of Croatia, as a sovereign and independent state, which guarantees cultural autonomy and all civil rights to Serbs and members of other nationalities in Croatia, should enter into an alliance of sovereign states with other republics (according to the proposal by the Republic of Croatia and the Republic of Slovenia for the resolution of the Yugoslav state crisis)?”

The second question was “Do you believe that the Republic of Croatia should remain part of Yugoslavia as a united federal state (according to the proposal by the Republic of Serbia and the Socialist Republic of Montenegro for the resolution of the Yugoslav state crisis)?”

190517 4 Referendum1

More than 83 percent of citizens voted in the referendum, which is the probably the highest turnout in all of Croatian history. On the first question, 94.17 percent voted “for”. On the second question, just 1.2 percent of voters voted to stay in Yugoslavia.

In accordance with the results of the referendum, on June the 25th, 1991, Parliament adopted the Declaration on the Proclamation of Sovereign and Independent Republic of Croatia and the Constitutional Declaration on the Sovereignty and Independence of the Republic of Croatia. The implementation of these decisions was postponed for a few months due to the pressure from the international community.

On 8 October 1991, one day after the Yugoslav Air Force launched a rocket attack on the seat of the government in Zagreb, the Parliament adopted a decision on termination of all constitutional and legal ties with Yugoslavia.

Croatian independence was internationally recognised by the then 12 members of the European Union on the 15th of January 1992, which, today, is widely accepted as the day when Croatia became an internationally recognised country.

Today, June the 25th is celebrated as Statehood Day, while the 8th of October is the Independence Day. Both days are national holidays.

Photo of the day

From Croatia with Madness

Croatia Traffic Info

  • On the A1 motorway at Brinje tunnel in direction Split traffic is flowing with delays due to a traffic accident. During the day delays can be expected in roadwork areas. Weather conditions are favourable. Drivers are invited to keep distance and to adjust the speed to road conditions. One lane is free only/traffic is flowing in reduced lanes on the following motorways:-A1 Zagreb-Split-Ploče in Brinje and Mala Kapela tunnels in both directions till 10 June; -A2 Zagreb-Macelj between Jankomir and Zaprešić junctions 1st-4th km, between Sveti Križ Začretje and Krapina junctions 38th-41st km in both directions; -A3 Bregana-Lipovac at Kutina-Ilova bridge (106th km), between Kutina and Novska (117th-120th km) in both directions, between Popovača and Križ junctions (79th-78th km) in direction Zagreb; -A4 Zagreb-Goričan - till 9 June traffic is suspended in the entrance lane of Kraljevečki Novaki from direction Sesvete and Dugo Selo towards Ivanja Reka junction, there is a local detour; in the roadwork area traffic is flowing in reduced lanes; -A6 Rijeka-Zagreb at Svilno viaduct 78th-80th km between Orehovica and Čavle junctions in each direction till 1 June. Till 9 June between 9am and 10am, 8pm and 9pm traffic is occasionally suspended for about 15 minutes on Rijeka detour road at Rujevica junction in both directions. Due to roadworks traffic is suspended: -on the DC1 state road in Lučko (Zagreb); -on the DC8 Adriatic road at Posedarje; -on the DC6 state road, section Glina-Dvor border crossing, detour: Glina (DC37)-Petrinja-Hrvatska Kostajnica-Dvor; -on the DC47 Lipik-Novska state road at Jagma 7am-7pm. Traffic is regulated by traffic signals/one road lane is free only:-on the DC1 state road in Knin until 14 July; -on the DC1 state road at Klinča Sela, Tušilović and Mostanje; -on the DC8 Adriatic road on the section Kaštel Stari-Kaštel Gomilica, at Podstrana, on the section Zaton Doli-Bistrina; -on the DC66 Pula-Most Raša state road; -on the DC62 Veliki Prolog-Metković state road at Most Metković.
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  • During the day difficulties can be expected at the border crossings with Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Hungary due to traffic density and occasional additional controls. Inbound passenger traffic is dense at Kaštel, outbound at Kaštel and Plovanija. There are delays of 20 minutes. In outbound freight traffic there are delays at Bajakovo (2 km). Due to roadworks at Županja and Slavonski Brod border crossings delays can be expected. At Harmica border crossing traffic is allowed for vehicles up to 7,5 tonnes only.
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  • Ferries operate regularly.
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