26 Years Ago, Croatia Voted for Independence

By , 19 May 2017, 11:56 AM Politics
26 Years Ago, Croatia Voted for Independence Source: Wikipedia

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On 19 May 1991, the referendum on independence of Croatia was held.

On 19 May 1991, the referendum on the independence of Croatia was held. At the time, Croatia was one of six federal republics of Yugoslavia, which had already started with its disintegration.

Two questions were posed to citizens, who could choose between “for” and “against”.

The first question was “Do you believe that the Republic of Croatia, as a sovereign and independent state, which guarantees cultural autonomy and all civil rights to Serbs and members of other nationalities in Croatia, should enter into an alliance of sovereign states with other republics (according to the proposal by the Republic of Croatia and the Republic of Slovenia for the resolution of the Yugoslav state crisis)?”

The second question was “Do you believe that the Republic of Croatia should remain part of Yugoslavia as a united federal state (according to the proposal by the Republic of Serbia and the Socialist Republic of Montenegro for the resolution of the Yugoslav state crisis)?”

190517 4 Referendum1

More than 83 percent of citizens voted in the referendum, which is the probably the highest turnout in all of Croatian history. On the first question, 94.17 percent voted “for”. On the second question, just 1.2 percent of voters voted to stay in Yugoslavia.

In accordance with the results of the referendum, on June the 25th, 1991, Parliament adopted the Declaration on the Proclamation of Sovereign and Independent Republic of Croatia and the Constitutional Declaration on the Sovereignty and Independence of the Republic of Croatia. The implementation of these decisions was postponed for a few months due to the pressure from the international community.

On 8 October 1991, one day after the Yugoslav Air Force launched a rocket attack on the seat of the government in Zagreb, the Parliament adopted a decision on termination of all constitutional and legal ties with Yugoslavia.

Croatian independence was internationally recognised by the then 12 members of the European Union on the 15th of January 1992, which, today, is widely accepted as the day when Croatia became an internationally recognised country.

Today, June the 25th is celebrated as Statehood Day, while the 8th of October is the Independence Day. Both days are national holidays.

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Croatia Traffic Info

  • Traffic is heavy on the roads towards the coast and the continent, on the roads to tourist centers along the coast and in ferry ports. Drivers are invited to adjust the driving speed to road conditions and also to keep the safety distance. Today (21/22 July from 10pm to 6am) on the Adriatic road (DC8) in Rijeka in the underpass Žabica traffic will be proceeding over one lane in both directions. Traffic ban on freight vehicles exceeding 7.5 t on some roads in Istria and in the coastal area: -Saturday, 22 July from 4 am to 2 am -Sunday, 23 July from noon (12:00) to 11 pm. There is no traffic ban on the motorways and on the state road DC1. Sections of the roads closed due to roadworks: -on the DC1 state road in Lučko (Zagreb) between Gornji Stupnik and Svetonedeljska street -on the state road 29 from Novi Golubovec (crossroad DC29, DC35) -on the DC502 Smilčić-Pridraga state road. Traffic is regulated by traffic signals/one road lane is free only: -on the DC1 state road in Knin until 31st July; -on the DC1 state road at Mostanje and on the section Sučević-Otrić. -on the DC8 Adriatic road on the section Zaton Doli-Bistrina; -on the DC66 Pula-Most Raša state road. With the sunny and dry weather, more and more cyclists and motorists are on the roads. Other vehicles (such as cars or trucks) should look carefully for bicyclists before turning left or right, merging into bicycle lanes and opening doors next to moving traffic. Check your mirrors and be aware of blind spots before turning. While at a stop sign or red light, make a complete stop in order to let bikers pass, and check for unseen riders. Respect the right of way of bicyclists because they are entitled to share the road with you. Cyclists are not immune to traffic violations: pay attention to red lights and practice arm signaling!
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  • Due to roadworks in Slovenia between Ptuj and the border crossing Gruškovje (Macelj) there are occasionally queues. Expect hold-ups especially during the weekend. Due to traffic density and occasional additional controls, during the day longer waiting times are possible at the border crossings with Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Hungary. At Harmica border crossing traffic is allowed for vehicles up to 7,5 tonnes only.
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  • All ferries and catamarans are operating according to the schedule.
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